Types of diabetes
Three major types of diabetes are:
Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational diabetes (GD).
- Type 1 diabetes results from auto-immune beta-cell destruction in the pancreas and is characterized by a complete lack of insulin production. It accounts for 5% to 10% of all cases of diabetes.
- Type 2 develops when there is an abnormal increased resistance to the action of insulin and the body cannot produce enough insulin to overcome the resistance. Accounts for over 90% cases.
- Gestational diabetes (GDM) is a form of glucose intolerance that affects some women during pregnancy. It is triggered during pregnancy and mostly resolves after delivery.