- Cryotherapy which involves the use if extremely low temperatures that destroy the abnormal tissues.
- Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) is another method that involves use of thin wire in removal of affected parts.
- Radiotherapy is the external beam and intracavity treatment.
- In 1999 a National Cancer Institution recommended that radiotherapy should be used alongside chemo radiation for women with advanced stages of cervical cancer
- Hysterectomy; This is a surgical procedure that involves removal of the uterus
There are two types of hysterectomy namely
- simple hysterectomy that involves removal of the uterus and the cervix.the surgery is done laparoscopically and takes a very short time of recovery with one to two days of hospitalization.
- Radical hysterectomy involves removal of the uterus and about two centimeters of the upper vagina and soft tissues around the cervix. After ´radical hysterectomy a pateient is hospitalized for at least 6 weeks with a urine catheter and an abdominal drainage which are removed three to five days after operation,the patient should not have sexual intercourse until atleast six weeks.
- Radical trachelectomy is surgury that captures the early stages IA1,IA2 and IB1,
- Trachelectomy is done with the aim to preserve fertility therefore suitable for young women
- Intracavitary brachytherapy where radioactive sources are placed close to the targeted tumor