Osteoporosis is a growing health problem worldwide.
This contributes greatly to the high costs of health care and mortality.
Osteoporosis is a disease that is associated with fractures.
The World Health Organization definitions of osteoporosis and osteopenia in postmenopausal is based on bone mineral density (BMD).
Central dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) of the hip is the standard for diagnosing osteopenia or osteoporosis.