The rate of diabetes patient with complications is increasing on a daily basis, admission is made either due to diabetes or diabetes complications such as stroke, amputation, nephropathy etc. Diabetes mellitus is a major global public health problem and higher prevelalance in Finland among other nations.
The increasing number of individuals with type 2 diabetes indicates a global epidemic. Prevalence of the disease was estimated to be 2.8% in 2000 and is predicted to increase to 4.4% by the year 2030 bieng one of the most common non-communicable diseases globally.
Although the prevalence of diabetes is expected to increase in all age groups, it has been estimated that there will be a greater increase in the proportion of patients with diabetes who are aged 45–64 years.
The human and economic costs of diabetes and its complications are unacceptably high. Diabetes causes one death every 10 seconds and one amputation every 30 seconds, and is a major cause of adult-onset blindness, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and renal failure.